Adjectives in Spanish
The adjective goes after the noun in Spanish. It must agree with the noun (feminine, masculine, singular and plural)
La camisa roja = the red shirt
Las camisas rojas = the red shirts
El libro rojo = the red book
Los libros rojos = the red books
La camisa es roja = The shirt is red
1) Rojo changes to roja Adj. that end in o, change to a for the feminine form
2) Azul does not change from masculine to feminine. Some adj. that end in a consonant do not change
3) Trabajador changes to trabajadora. Adj that end in r add, an “a”
chino goes to china
frances goes to francesa
aleman goes to alemana
japones goes to japonesa
español goes to española
canadiense does not change
costarricense does no chante
ingles goes to inglesa
bueno/a and malo/mala can go before or after the noun
- When placed before the noun, bueno becomes buen, and malo becomes mal.
- Juan es un buen amigo. = Juan is a good friend.
- El es un mal amigo. = = He is a bad friend.
Grande: when grande is placed before a singular noun, it is shortened to “gran”
This changes its meaning. Depending on where it is placed:
El es un gran hombre = He is a great man.
El es un hombre grande. = He is a big man.
Adjectives that end in "e" do not change