Important: The quiz has been moved to tomorrow. Study your practice quiz from Monday, and the vocabulary on pg 241
Make sure you have done all the exercises assigned this week: three exercises assigned yesterday, and the four assigned today. These are all due tomorrow, We will go over them after the quiz.
Look at the assignment page on this blog for the exercise numbers.
There are various ways to discuss the weather. You start with either: Hace, Hay, or Está. These cannot be switched around at will, but follow specific patterns and rules.
¿Qué tiempo hace? = What is the weather like?
Hace sol. = It is sunny.
Hace calor. = It is hot.
Hace frío. = It is cold.
Hace fresco. = It is cool.
Hace viento. = It is windy.
Hace buen tiempo. = It is nice out/It is nice weather.
Hace mal tiempo. = it is bad out/It is bad weather.
You can only use "buen" and "mal" with "tiempo" you cannot say "Hace calor tiempo."
Hay sol. = There is sun./It is sunny.
Hay viento. = There is wind./It is windy.
Está nublado. = It is cloudy.
Llover = To rain
Llueve = It rains la lluvia = the rain
Nevar = To snow
Nieva = It snows la nieve = the snow
Don't mix these up.
You would use the verbs when you are talking about the weather in general terms:
eg. En el invierno, nieva mucho. = In the winter, it snows a lot.
En la primavera, llueve mucho. = In the spring, it rains a lot.
These expressions are used to talk about feelings you have. They use the verb "tener", which means "to have", but the sentence in English is translated using the verb "to be". You conjugate the verb "tener" and add the feeling:
Eg Yo tengo frío. = I am cold (you feel cold)
Don't confuse this with "Hace frío", which means "It is cold". (weather is cold)
tener cuidado = to be careful
tener razón = to be right
tener frío = to be cold
tener calor = to be hot
tener hambre = to be hungry
tener sed = to be thirsty
tener prisa = to be in a hurry
tener miedo = to be scared
tener sueño = to be sleepy
tener ... años = to be... years old