Pronoun- a word that replaces a noun.
Personal Pronouns: Go at the beginning of the sentence, before the verb, and are the subject of the sentence. They replace a person's name.
I = Yo We = Nosotros
You = Tú You = Vosotros
Él = He They = Ellos
She = Ella They = Ellas (only girls)
You = Usted You = Ustedes
Tú is used between friends and family. Usted is used to be polite or show respect. Vosotros is used only in Spain, and is used with friends and family. Ustedes in used in Spain to show respect, but is used in both familiar and formal occasions by South Americans, Mexicans, and other Spanish speakers.
Gustar = To like
This is a very different verb in Spanish and is not conjugated like other verbs.There are only two forms: gusta and gustan.
Me gusta = I like Nos gusta = We like
Te gusta = You like Os gusta = You like
Le gusta = He likes Les gusta = They like
She likes You like
How to use the verb gustar:
a) If you like one thing: Use gusta
Me gusta el español. = I like Spanish.
b) If you like two things: Use gustan
Me gustan el español y el francés. = I like Spanish and French.
c) With verbs: Gusta does not change
Me gusta bailar. = I like to dance
Me gusta bailar y cantar.= i like to dance and sing
Important words to remember:
pero = but
tambien = also
siempre = always
We touched on verbs in the past tense. We will learn these in a few months as new material.
Possessive Adjectives: go before a noun, show possession, and agree with the thing owned, not with who owns it:
mi(mis) = my
tu(tus) = your
su(sus) = his, her, their, your (for Usted/Ustedes)
nuestro(s)/nuestra(s) = our
vuestro(s)/vuestra(s) = your (for Vosotros)