In the old days of my youth, we used to diagram sentences in English to learn our parts of speech. Students today have trouble knowing what a verb, noun, or adjective are. So I will be teaching English grammar to help students find these parts of speech in Spanish.
The subject is the person or thing doing the action of the sentence. It is normally a subject pronoun. It comes before the verb ("I run")
- I = yo
- you = familiar: tú or vosotros or formal: ustedor ustedes
- he = él
- she = ella
- we = nosotros or nosotras
- they = ellos or ellas
The verb is the action of the sentence. It can be physical (to run) or emotional (to feel) or mental, (to think). It comes after the subject pronoun (I run - in Spanish, we can leave the subject out and just say: "Run")
The object receives the action of the sentence. It can be direct or indirect. For now, we are only studying direct object pronouns. It comes after the verb.
I buy a book. Book is the object of the verb ":buy" and "I" is the subject.
An object pronoun replaces the object in a sentence, once it has been mentioned already. Object pronouns are:
- me = me
- you = te (tú), lo or la (usted), os (vosotros) or los or las (ustedes)
- him or it = lo
- her or it = la
- us = nos
- them = los or las
I buy the book. "It" replaces the book.
I buy it. - In English the direct obejct pronoun goes after the verb.
S V O sentences
Yo compro la camisa. La
Yo la compro.
S V1 V2
Yo quiero comprar la camisa.
Yo la quiero comprar OR Yo quiero comprarla.