Students then had to write sentences with the new vocab.
The verb être = to be
Je suis = I am Nous sommes = We are
Tu es = You are Vous êtes = You are
Il/Elle/On est = He/She is Ils/Elles sont = They are
This is one of the most irregular verbs, just like the English form. You use to describe someone, or to say how you are feeling.
In French, adjectives must agree with the noun that they describe: in masculine, feminine, singular and plural.
Make sure that you learn all the forms of an adjective. Most adjectives add an "e" to make it feminine: so amusant is for a boy and amusante is for a girl. Some adjectives add an extra letter and an "e", like gentil to gentille. Adjectives that end in an "e" with no accent, then you do not add an extra "e", like pénible. However, adjectives that end in an "é" with an accent, add an extra "e". like occupé to occupée
Masculine form Feminine form
jeune . jeune
mince . mince
In French, possessive adjectives also have to agree with the word they are describing in masculine, feminine, singular or plural. They are used to say what belongs to you, or to talk about your family. They do not agree with who it belongs to, but the thing that is owned, or the family member being talked about,
mon = my (m)
ma = my (f)
mes = my (pl)
ton = your (m)
ta = your (f)
tes = your (pl)
son = his/her (m)
sa = his/her (f)
ses = his/her (pl)
notre = our (m and f)
nos = our (pl)
votre = your (m and f)
vos= your (pl)
leur = their (m and f)
leurs = their (pl)
Ma mère est gentille. = My mother is nice.
Mon père est gentil.= My father is nice.
You will always use the feminine form to talk about a mother or sister, even if it is a boy's mother or sister, because mother is a woman, and therefore feminine.
Pierre, ta mère est gentille = Pierre, your mother is nice.
Marie ta mère est gentille..= Marie, your mother is nice.
Likewise, you will use the masculine form to talk about a father or brother, even if it a girl's mother or sister.
Pierre, ton père est gentil. = Pierre, your father is nice.
Marie ton père est gentil = Marie, your father is nice.
When talking about your family in French, you do not use apostrophes the way you do in English. So you do not say "John's father". Instead you flip it around and say "the father of John". The same thing happens when talking about your possessions. You say "the car of John" instead of "John's car".
Le père de Marie est sympa.= Marie's father is nice.
La mère de Marie est petite. = Marie's mother is small.